||Sahadic Lives of Samuel of Qalamun, Fayyum and Pisentius of Qift, near Thebes, (both lived during Arab conquest), seeking to halt Christian assimilation; show survival of Coptic Christian identity.
||Christian empire in Ethiopia gravitates south after the decline of Aksum; Arab and Persian merchants explore East African coast with trading stations at Malindi, Mombasa, Kilwa, and Mogadishu.
||Theophanes writes Chronicle (covers years 602-813.)
||James, patriarch of Alexandria.
||Shenute I, elected patriarch of Alexandria (859-880) at Church of Saints Sergius and Bacchus, Old Cairo.
||Photian Schism between patriarch Photius of Constantinople and Pope Nicolas I.
||Tulunid caliphs rule.
||Venetian Bernard the Wise reports monastery of St. Mark outside the eastern gate of Alexandria, where Mark’s body formerly reposed, stolen in 828 by Venetians (a bone returned 1968.)
||Kha’il III, patriarch of Alexandria.
||Stephen the Theban writes Logos Asketikos (Ascetic Sermon), Entolai and Diataxis; Arabic texts survive at St. Saba.