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Egypt

100's Second century manuscript fragments preserved in Egypt: Egerton gospel (earliest); Sibylline Oracles from Antinoopolis; Gospel of Thomas from Oxyrhynchus, Shepherd of Hermas from the Fayyum.
100's Second century non-Gnostic Christian literature of Egyptian provenance Gospel of the Hebrews, Gospel of the Egyptians, Secret Gospel of Mark, Kerygma Petri, Apocalypse of Peter, Traditions of Matthias, Jannes and Jambres, Sentences of Sextus, Epistle of Barnabas, Second Epistle of Clement, Writings of Athenagoras.
100's Second century non-Gnostic Christian literature of probable Egyptian provenance, and clearly circulated in Egypt, but debated as to origin: Gospel of Thomas, Sibylline Oracles, Protoevangelium of James, Acts of John, Acts of Andrew, Epistula Apostolurum; in addition some scholars argue an Egyptian provenance for the Epistle of Jude, Second Epistle of Peter, Testament of the Twelve patriarchs, Secret Book (Apocryphon) of James, and Gospel of Mary Magdalene.
100's Secret Gospel of Mark, known by Clement of Alexandria; Gospel of the Hebrews compiled for Jewish Christians of Alexandria; Gospel of the Egyptians for "Egyptians" predominating in Rhakotis district of Alexandria.
c. 107 Martyrdom of Simeon, son of Clopas, cousin of the Lord, may have had Jewish family links in Egypt.
115-117 Epistle of Barnabas addresses Alexandrian Jewish-Christian messianic community near time of Jewish revolt under Trajan, citing Abraham as “the father of the Gentiles.” A later Ps.-Clementine homily (1.8-9) would also place Barnabas in Alexandria from where “Clement” followed him to Judea.
115-117 Jewish revolts in Cyrenaica and Alexandria harshly suppressed, almost wiping out huge numbers of Jews (a million of whom lived in Alexandria.)
c. 117-138 Valentinus preaching in upper and lower Egypt (Thebais, Arsinoitis, Alexandria); Valentinian renderings of the Gospel meld with Gnostic teachings; Gospel of Truth, Treatise on the Resurrection, Prayer of the Apostle Paul, Epistle to Rheginos On the Resurrection, Tripartite Treatise.
125-161 The Epistle to Diognetus is composed.
135-165 Valentinian school produces Gospel of Philip, Interpretation of Knowledge, A Valentinian Exposition.
140 Appian, historian of Alexandria, flourishes.
c. 140 Aristo of Pella portrays dialogue between Papiscus, an Alexandrian Jew, and a Jewish Christian named Jason.
c. 150 Dialogue of the Savior (from Nag Hammadi); Gospel of the Ebionites known to Irenaeus (140-200)
c. 150 Marcion's truncated New Testament arrives in Egypt.
c. 150-216 Clement of Alexandria.
160-240 Julius Africanus (of either Libya or Jerusalem) studies at Alexandria with Origen and Heraclas in the catechetical school; organizes library in Pantheon in Rome for Emperor Alexander Severus; wrote Chronicles, a universal history correlated with scripture.
178 Death of Agrippinus, Bishop of Alexandria, succeeded by Julian (178-188.)
c. 178 Celsus attacks Christianity, True Discourses, probably written in Alexandria.
c. 180 Founding of catechetical school at Alexandria by Pantaenus, leading Christian teacher, missionary to “India” (Eusebius), teacher of Clement, a presbyter; (Note that Philip of Side places Athenagoras before Pantaenus in the school at Alexandria.)
180's Apocryphon of John is written (before 185.)
180-213 Testimony of Truth is written (probably Alexandrian.)
185 Birth of Origen.
188 Death of Julian, bishop of Alexandria.
c. 190 Birth of Dionysius of Alexandria.
190's Clement of Alexandria, a convert to Christianity, writes Address to the Greeks (Protreptikos.)
190's Scriptoria exist in both Oxyrhynchus and Antinoopolis. Second century Alexandrian Gnostic writings: Eugnostos the Blessed, Sophia of Jesus Christ, Apocalypse of Paul, Perfect Mind, Second Treatise on the Great Seth.
195 Clement of Alexandria flourishes, writes Christ the Educator, Excepts from Theodotus (a student of Valentinus), and Miscellanies.
197 Edict of Severus forbidding Jewish & Christian proselytism.
199-200 Septimus Severus visits Egypt, relieves tax burdens.