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African Provinces

700

St. Mark in Alexandria with identifying marble monument.

708

Byzantium's last outpost in Africa falls to the Arabs; conquest of Spain lies ahead; by 711 the Arabs are threatening central Gaul.

c. 713-724

Berlin Papyrus 10677 originates from Egypt, on Arab rule.

714

Use of Coptic language made illegal, Arabic imposed; taxation increased on Dhimmis.

720

Death of Zacharias ©, Bishop of Shkow (Sakha), author of Homilies on Holy Family in Egypt arid on penitence, Lives of John Colobos, and his teachers at Scetis, Abraham and George.
 

730-742

Theodore, patriarch of Alexandria.

731

Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People echoes many earlier African voices (Origen, Pachomius, Augustine, Cyril) long buried in medieval European texts.

731

Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People echoes many earlier African voices (Origen, Pachomius, Augustine, Cyril) long buried in medieval European texts.
 

743

John of Damascus (c. 645-c. 749) writes orthodox systematic theology catenae relying upon numerous Egyptian and African sources, The Source of Knowledge; John of Damascus on Islam; On the Divine Images.
 

743

Church of Saint Shenute of Old Cairo first mentioned where Kha'ill, patriarch of Alexandria (743-767) was elected.
 

743-767

Micheal, Coptic patriarch, acknowledges conversion of 24,000 Christians to Islam.

745

Cyriacus (or Kyriakos), king of Dongola, marches to Cairo to free the Copt Patriarch Mikhail.

767-776

Menas, patriarch of Alexandria.

787

Second Council of Nicaea confirms veneration of icons.

787

Second Council of Nicaea confirms veneration of icons.

789-808

Coptic martyrdom narratives abound, some for allegedly "insulting the Prophet"

798

Aengus (Oengus) the anchorite writes On Feasts (Festilogium de Sanqi Aengus), recording saints of Ireland, some having genealogical traces of Egyptian ,names; evidences of links between Egyptian Bawit monastery and Irish Jouarre monastary, Coptic and Irish illuminations of manuscriptahadic Lives of Samuel of Qalamun, Fayyum and Pisentius of Qift, near Thebes, (both lived during Arab conquest), seeking to halt Christian assimilation; show survival of Coptic Christian identity.